There is a growing concern from the organizers of the expedition to the peak of Mount Everest as the melting glaciers reveal dead bodies of inexperienced climbers. BBC.
Mount Everest’s Ice is Melting Down – Says Researchers
Global warming has revealed one of the topmost secrets of Mount Everest. Since an attempt to reach the peak of Everest, about 300 climbers have lost their lives in this deadly adventure since 1921. Majority of the victims are buried by ice and snow. Sir Edmund Hillary and Tenzing Norgay were the first two climbers to succeed on the journey to the peak of Everest in 1953.
As glaciers and ice sheets are melting away because of global warming, well preserved dead bodies of the victims are being exposed. According to Ang Tshering Sherpa, former president of the Nepal Mountaineering Association.
A government official who retrieved about ten(10) bodies a few years ago from the glacier was among those interviewed by BBC. According to him, more and more bodies of victims are emerging now.
A file photo of a climber who paused on the way up to the peak of Everest was released by mountain guide Adrian Ballinger of Alpenglow Expeditions. The climber was observed to have paused in the Khumbu region of the Nepalese Himalayas.
Among the famous remains found on the mountain was a body dubbed Green Boots believed to be the remains of an Indian climber who managed to make it up to the summit but died while descending from the peak of Everest in 1996. The corpse dressed in neon green climbing boots is no longer visible but served as a landmark for climbers. George Mallory, a famous British mountaineer became another victim. In 1999, his body was recovered from Everest glaciers well preserved after 75 years of the incident. His body was said to have been covered with a cairn.No one could tell if he saw the peak of Everest.
Retrieving dead bodies from the mountain means endangering the lives of the living especially bodies found around 29,035 foot. This zone is marked as a low oxygen area and described as the death zone by mountaineers.
Again, the body of an Indian climber was recovered by a team of local Sherpa climbers in 2017. The climber is said to have died a year ago and had remained in mount Everest glacier. This led to a concise though heated debate. The mountaineering community questioned the morality in endangering the living to retrieve the dead from one of the deadest locations on earth.
On April 26, 2018, a photograph was taken showing the Khumbu glacier, Everest base camp and one of the longest glaciers ever known to man.
According to Tshering, attempting to retrieve one body means endangering the lives of ten (10) people.
The cost of retrieving the body of the Indian climber and two other victims from Everest death zone was very high due to the high risk associated with it. It cost the Indian state of West Bengal about $92,000. According to West Bengal state official Sayeed Ahmed Sayeed,” Few Sherpas were willing to go, however, we had to do it for the families it was a life staking operation.
Just last year, 5 Everest climbers lost their lives. The bodies of a Japanese and Macedonian climber was recovered by officials in Nepal. More bodies were also recovered from Tibet, China’s autonomous region -BBC report.
Between March 1 and May 31, weather conditions are more friendly on the highest peak known to man- Mount Everest. This season is generally referred to as the “spring climbing season”.
Notwithstanding, the number of climbers attempting to see the Everest peak has become a concern considering overcrowding and the associated danger. Just last year, about 563 climbers scaled the peak form the southern side of Nepal.
In totality, about 293 deaths have been recorded ever since the first attempt to scale the world’ s highest peak in 1921. Some 118 of the victims were Sherpa guides.” said the mountaineer Alan Arnette. On average, 4 deaths have been recorded every year.
Also recently from 2000 to 2018, the death toll has increased to 6 death annually.28 Sherpa deaths were recorded on the South side between 2014 and 2015 ranging from the serac release to the Icefall and 2015 earthquake in Nepal- Arnette said.
China has closed its camp indefinitely since this year to aid its cleanup effort. But earlier this year, China said it will reduce the number of climbers to Mount Everest by one third. Mount Everest stands at the border of the countries.
In 2017, experts from different universities such as the U.K.’s University of Leeds, University of Sheffield, Aberystwyth University and the National Environmental Research Council (NERC) drilled into the Khumbu Glacier to record temperatures at the base of the glacier. The impact of climate change and the subsequent global warming on mount Everest was further highlighted by the group of scientists.
According to their findings published in the journal Scientific Reports in 2018, a minimum ice temperature of about -3.3°C (26.06F) was detected. The coldest ice is 2°C warmer when compared to the mean annual air temperature.