The human population will soon be confronted with scary new diseases that are just around the corner.
According to United Nations estimates, the earth has about 7.3 billion human inhabitants at present but will harbor nearly 10 billion humans by 2050.
The estimated increase in human population will no doubt lead to urbanization, migration, deforestation, and the increase in agricultural practices. Because humans will need a place to live and means of sustenance.
Virologists (a scientist who specialize on the virus)alongside others have described the situation as scary.
According to Amanda McClelland, a senior vice president of the “prevent epidemics” team at the non-profit Resolve to Save Lives, there are greater chances of the emergence of new elements. Global warming and climate change caused by increasing urbanization and other human activities are the major drivers of diseases.
Public health officials are doing much to predict the point of the outbreak and the possible ways of containing it. Although our models direct to concentrate at a place, there are still things that we can’t prepare for. Viruses continue to be unpredictable; she explained.
Richard Ostfeld, Ph.D., a distinguished senior scientist at the Carey Institute of Ecosystem Studies has his perception. Richard said that the constant loss of biodiversity as a result of human activities means danger for human species due to the greater possibility of an infectious disease outbreak.
Additionally, he said that the destruction of wildlife for agricultural purposes discourage large predators and encourages the inhabitant of smaller animals such as mice, rats, and their likes. These species are the major carriers of deadly pathogens.
Considering the way humans commingle through immigration, new health concerns are just by the corner. In this article, a few of them have been discussed.
E-Coli – Resistant to antibiotics:
This is a disease that resists the use of antibiotic for treatment. It is linked with the abuse and overuse of antibiotics in human treatment and animal production. Greater use of antibiotics means the emergence of greater resistant bacteria; Lance Price, Ph.D., professor and founding director of the Antibiotic Resistance Action Center at George Washington University’s Milken Institute School of Public Health explained.
According to Lance, lawmakers are not acting fast, because regulations need to be implemented if not for economic reasons, it will be because of the increase in antibiotics production. Again, he said that compounds that can kill bacteria are as well capable of killing humans. Drug companies are making a business out of antibiotic production.
Antibiotic-resistant bacteria are already here. About twenty-three thousand death was recorded last year. These are untreatable diseases resistant to drugs he added. He included E. coli and Staphylococcus as two diseases with the potential of making a jump to the list of an antibiotic-resistant infection. However, Prince added that bacteria that will wipe out civilization might not be seen.
The Asian Longhorn Tick Disease:
The new tick-borne disease might emerge. According to Ostfeld the increase of human activities and its attendant effects favor the population density of ticks and is very likely we will experience new tick-borne disease outbreak.
Ostfeld said that the disease was first discovered in New Jersey and Asia. The tick transmits deadly viral pathogens to humans. We can’t account for how it got to us but we do know is already here. Not only this, but the Presence of Lyme disease has also been recorded.
The new Tick disease has not been recorded in North America. But according to Ostfeld, it is very likely to emerge soon. Ticks harbor pathogens that survive even experts scrutiny. If it doesn’t emerge alone, it will emerge with the combination of others as a deadly disease.
Ancient Viruses from Arctic Permafrost:
The Earth’s glaciers are melting down, ancient viruses locked up in them are being released to reemerge. Although the entire focus is on the rising sea levels and flooding that it causes, the attention will quickly change when an already contained virus reemerges from the permafrost.
A DNA of a 30,000-year old giant virus was found in the Siberian ice. Places like the permafrost and ocean sediments are best environments for viruses and microbes because they are cold, dark and anoxic. They preserve them for thousands of years due to their favorable temperature; says Chantal Abergel, Ph.D., director of research at France’s Structural and Genomic Information Laboratory and coauthor of that Siberia study.
The 30,000-year-old virus Abergel found with her team does not pose a threat to humans. But the findings proved that deadly virus can be preserved for years in the Arctic ice. Many microorganisms are released from ice every year and the process keeps increasing as climate change continues to affect ice in and around the ocean; she said. Hence, she warns that mining and drilling bring humans close to these micro-organisms. Evidently, it is a great contact point with deadly viruses.
When are we expecting all these and how horrific will they be? these are pertinent questions we do not have sincere answers to.
V.R. Gaming Addiction – Internet Gaming Disorder:
Researchers have warned against the increasing rate of gaming disorder common among the male gender. The internet gaming addiction was in 2013 considered as a condition requiring increased attention. There is a clear distinction between gaming for recreation and gaming as an addiction.
Although the recent study conducted from the University of Columbia cleared the conception of having a great number of child gamers, gaming has addictive powers. It can induce increased tolerance, cravings, and withdrawal.
Again gaming addiction has been linked with mental illness, inability to maintain a relationship and even loss of a job. It also has other negative effects such as anxiety, depression, and uneasiness. As gaming continues to become real, addiction and associated psychological effects will continue to get even worse.
Dysphoria is a psychological term which means a state of constant anxiousness, unsatisfied with life and uneasiness. This has emerged as a result of the heavy use of mobile technology resulting in anxiety and loss of proper sense of direction. The introduction of more complex technologies will undoubtedly worsen the situation.
The major challenge with this technology is that they affect our physical means of relating to each other and limit the way we communicate. Gary Small, MD, a professor of psychiatry and biobehavioral sciences at the David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA said that the long term effect has not been known.
Gray, however, points to staccato, the act of articulation, moving from one task to another or one site to another without stopping for meditation.
Uncontained Types of Influenza:
Between 1918 and 1919, as much as 100 million deaths were recorded worldwide due to the H1N1 flu. This is possible today just as it was in the past. Most of our job today is rumor and misinformation management. Rumors can frustrate real information; says McClelland.
According to her, containing the outbreak is easier at its early stage if a good communication exists between public health officials and affected communities. But achieving such level of operation is often difficult due to rumors and misinformation that brings confusion and lack of coordination. Hence complete lack of faith and confidence is usually the outcome.
The conspiracy of the scientist creating bacteria that lead to a disease outbreak in West Africa, the total disbelief of disease existence and misinformation on negative side effects of the vaccine frustrates efforts to combat the outbreak.
False information spreads faster than real information. This is not only seen within communities that are not well educated but it is also encouraged through the internet among countries that are literate. Because of issues with trust, a new disease can subdue efforts to contain it.
A New Mosquito-Borne Virusphycoli:
According to Jonathan Day, Ph.D., a professor of medical entomology at the University of Florida, the emergence of the vector-borne pathogen- mosquito virusphycoli is a situation to worry about. He said the shifting weather conditions, such as heavy rains in areas that normally have mild shower can make the mosquitoes migrate to a place with a favorable temperature.
Anything can serve as host to mosquitos and each host carries a different form of the virus. While inside the mosquito, Some of this virus can combine and become a very high contagious disease. How many of them with this potential is not known. Again, is not a matter of if they will combine because they certainly will combine; Day said.
The human race is faced with a fearful situation in the future. Each of us has to contribute in order to mitigate these diseases scientists foresee they are coming. It all starts with our approach to our physical environment.